Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology 2022-05-07T16:51:53+07:00 Binh Duong University Open Journal Systems <h2>Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology</h2> <p>Dear Colleagues,</p> <p>Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology (BDUJST) is a quarterly peer-reviewed research journal with the focus on publishing original theoretical and applied research papers with the latest developments and breakthroughs in a number of science and technology fields. The journal accepts papers written in Vietnamese, English, and Russian. The BDUJST welcomes article submissions from all science and technology research areas, including <strong>Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Statistics, Biodiversity, Science Technology, Engineering Science, Computer Science and Educational Science</strong>. Besides that, we also aim to explore papers with contributions to the sustainability of <strong>Business and Economics</strong>, etc. </p> <p>In order to expand both theoretical and practical understandings, the journal provides readers with a variety of open access stimulating and informative research papers contributed by a broad coalition of individuals and groups.</p> <p>We would be really glad and honored if you accept our invitation since your contributions to BDUJST will definitely help guarantee the quality of our journal and keep the journal prestigious and outstanding, and especially attract more researchers to submit their works to our journal.</p> <p>We are thankful for your consideration and cooperation.</p> <p>Best regards,</p> <p><strong>Chairman of the editorial board</strong></p> <p>Academician Sergey V. Ablameyko - Belarusian State University, Republic of Belarus</p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief</strong></p> <p>Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Van Cuong - Binh Duong University, Vietnam</p> <p>Vice-Dir. Cao Viet Hung - Binh Duong University, Vietnam</p> RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOYMENT AND CONVENTION OF PROTECTION OF THE COUNTRY: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICE 2022-05-06T21:52:42+07:00 Tran Bao Nguyen <p>Entering the 21st century, Unemployment has become a problem and appears in almost every country. The consequences of unemployment always cause far-reaching impacts on all industries and fields and are difficult to predict. On the basis of applying the organic relationship between economic development and defense-security consolidation, the author hypotheses about the interaction relationship between unemployment and the sense of national defense in order to understand the dangers of impacts on the aspect of national defense and security in the current context. The author conducts verification through the method of analyzing the philosophical viewpoints and practical studies of the expression of the relationship. Research results show that unemployment creates many obstacles to the process of forming an individual's sense of national defense. At the same time, an individual's sense of national defenses will be degraded, disoriented when falling into unemployment and acts of defending the Fatherland against the interests of society also appear.</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology RESOURCES, TOURISM POTENTIAL IN OC EO - BA THE RELIC AREA 2022-05-06T22:30:03+07:00 Do Thi Bich Tuyen Em <p>Cultural tourism is a prominent "product" in the source of tourism activities. Oc Eo - Ba The cultural heritage is an important cultural tourism resource. The archaeological cultural heritage of Oc Eo has a special relationship with the history - culture of the Southern region, especially at the beginning of its discovery. Therefore, the archaeological sites in Oc Eo - Ba The relic site (Thao Son, An Giang) are one of the unique resources for An Giang province to exploit and develop a type of cultural tourism based on The tourism potential stands out with the unique archaeological relics and the unique artistic architecture of this ancient culture</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology APPLICATION OF BASEL II TREATMENT TO THE RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF THE BANKS IN THE SYSTEM VIETINBANK DONG NAI 2022-05-07T12:10:06+07:00 Do Thi Thanh Tram Tran Thi Anh Thu <p>This study is intended to discuss risk management and its importance to the fundamental operations of Vietinbank in Dong Nai, and whether the Basel II Accords have any significance to the severity. recession by creating capital shortages at banks at Vietinbank in Dong Nai and in general. The questionnaire was answered by key risk managers in branches of Vietin Dong Nai bank.</p> <p>The questions consist of three main parts with a total of 42 questions.</p> <p>The first part: 12 questions and focuses on the assessments obtained about the importance and effectiveness of the 5 key risk management techniques.</p> <p>The second part : 28 questions and was used to answer 4 questions: the level of understanding and implementation of risk management, the most effective tools and techniques banks are using to manage risk, open to managers who are aware of risks related to operations and objectives, and the Basel II Agreement supports or hinders risk management among banks in Vietinbank. It is based on a Likert scale (5 levels) for each individual indicator.</p> <p>Part three: two qualitative open-ended questions designed to obtain subjective information about their specific understanding of risk and risk management, as well as clarify answers to the quantitative questions. Based on the analysis results in this study, the author draws conclusions and proposes solutions for the research object which are banks in the Vietinbank Dong Nai banking system</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology THE ROLE OF TRUST IN CUSTOMERS' DECISION TO USE E-BANKING IN VIETNAM 2022-05-07T12:28:39+07:00 Nguyen Hoang Giang Tran Quoc Thong Thong <p>In the context that online shopping is becoming more and more popular, the trend of using e-banking to approach e-commerce is getting more and more attention and focus. This opens a new research direction on how to promote and encourage consumers to use e-banking to shop online. In particular, the issue of customer trust is being pointed out as one of the very important issues for customers in Vietnam. The study was carried out in an attempt to determine how to measure the concept of trust, clarifying the role of trust in the acceptance of using e-banking in online shopping. From there, the author proposes some managerial implications to improve customers' decision to use e-banking for online shopping in Vietnam.</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION IN EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN VIET NAM 2022-05-07T13:55:11+07:00 Duong Thanh Linh Le Ngoc Tran Nguyen Thi Khac Phung <p>There are many different definitions of digital transformation (DT) but be understood simply as transforming human activities from the concrete world to the virtual world in the network environment. The emergence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has had an enormous impact on life, the economy, and society, brings incredible changes in the environment, working methods, and information. As a result, people approach more information, reduce distance, narrow space, and save time. Digital transformation represents an inevitable trend, happening rapidly, and the education and training industry can not be out of that trend, despite being considered by experts to be the safest industry in the AI explosion. The article analyzes some basic contents of DT applying technology in Education and Training, the current situations, future tendencies, and proposing solutions in the new period.</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS STUDY CHALLENGE CHALLENGES FOR VIETNAM CASHEW EXPORT MARKET – A STUDY AT PLEIKU 2022-05-07T14:03:06+07:00 Do Thi Thanh Tram <p>Plantation is one of the minor industries in agriculture with a strategic role and<br>contribution to the Vietnamese economy. One of those items is cashew nuts. This<br>research aims to analyze cashew competitiveness in the international market to identify<br>factors affecting cashew's competitiveness and develop a strategy to improve cashew<br>competitiveness. The research method used is SWOT. The results show that the value<br>shows that Vietnam's cashew nuts have advantages and disadvantages, but Vietnam is<br>still the largest exporter in the world because it is always in the top 3 comparing data with<br>the world when see the value and market share of Vietnam cashew nuts based on the<br>quantity of output and the monetary value converted due to different market prices each<br>year</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology THE REALITY OF LIVING PEOPLE IN URBAN CAN THO CENTURY XX THROUGH AN HA NEWSPAPER 2022-05-07T14:09:05+07:00 Vo Thanh Du <p><span class="fontstyle0">An Ha (1916-1933?) Was the first newspaper written in Quốc ngữ on the land of Cần Thơ at the<br>beginning of the twentieth century. An Ha Newspaper was founded by patriotic intellectuals who<br>wanted to reform the country through business and trade, and to raise people's intellectual<br>standards. Therefore, An Ha newspaper plays an important position in the struggle and raising<br>the intellectual level by the legal form of colonial people to the ruling government through the<br>“freedom” of speech, dissemination, and distribution. Artistic literature medal in Can Tho in<br>particular and the Southwest region in general. The article shows the realistic features of the<br>economic, cultural, and spiritual life of people in Can Tho urban area in the first half of the<br>twentieth century through the news in An Ha newspaper.</span> </p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology SITUATION AND SOLUTIONS TO IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF ODA MANAGEMENT IN VIETNAM 2022-05-07T14:38:08+07:00 Nguyen Thanh Cai <p><span class="fontstyle0">ODA is an important external resource for poor and developing countries. Over the past time, this<br>capital flow has made great contributions to socio-economic development and poverty reduction in<br>Vietnam. . Attracting and managing the use of ODA is a rather complicated issue. If managed and<br>used effectively, it will be a driving force for socio-economic development and improvement of<br>people's lives, if If it is not well managed, it will become a debt burden, pushing the country into a<br>state of recession and crisis. The article studies and evaluates the current situation of ODA<br>management and use of Vietnam in recent years, on that basis, proposes some solutions to improve<br>the efficiency of ODA management in the coming time.</span> </p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology BUILDING SMART CITY IN HO CHI MINH CITY WITH MODERN DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY 2022-05-07T14:50:36+07:00 Luong Nguyen Duy Thong Dang Xuan Huy Nguyen Trong Khanh <p><span class="fontstyle0">Building a civilized city associated with modern digital technologies is becoming a necessity for<br>major cities in the world. In Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City is a typical example of prioritizing the<br>development of civilization associated with modern digital technology. The article presents three<br>main issues: (1) An overview of digital technology and smart cities, (2) Presenting the urban reality<br>of Ho Chi Minh City for smart city development, (3) Develop a number of solutions to build a<br>civilized Ho Chi Minh City in the direction of a smart city.</span> </p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology COMPETENCIES IN EFFECTIVE LEARNING UNDER COVID-19 PANDEMIC - A CASE STUDY FOR COLLEGE FRESHMEN AT BINH DUONG UNIVERSITY 2022-05-07T16:28:44+07:00 Vu Duc Quy Duong Thi Thu Ngan Nguyen Thi Tra Mi Pham Cao Van Tran Nguyen Thanh Binh <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected every aspect of society, especially the education industry worldwide. Responding to the pandemic, Vietnamese universities have applied online classes via applications such as Google Meet, Microsoft Teams, Zoom. However, to improve the efficiency in the learning process, each student, especially college freshman, needs to equip themselves with the study skills under the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The authors surveyed the opinions of freshmen from Binh Duong University on online classes and learning competencies under the pandemic. Based on the results, the authors list the main difficulties in online learning of college freshmen and assess the importance of learning skills: Self-study skills, Choosing a study location and environment, Taking notes, Time Management and Teamwork. The article also presents some helpful learning methods and suggests their application to improve the efficiency of online learning</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON TEACHING AND LEARNING AT UNIVERSITIES 2022-05-07T16:37:46+07:00 Pham Duc Hung Duong Thi Thu Ngan Nguyen Thi Tra Mi Nguyen Le Khoa Diem Nguyen Anh Tuan <p><span class="fontstyle0">The paper focuses on the analysis of the reports conducted by international organizations in<br>association with the workable solutions implemented at higher education institutions. As a<br>consequence, the paper will draw reasonable conclusions and propose practical measures in<br>teaching and learning activities at the Institute of Industrial Management Logistics IMALOG, Binh<br>Duong University</span></p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology IMPROVING STUDENTS' SELF-STUDY EXPERTISE DURING THE COVID 19 PANDEMIC AT BINH DUONG UNIVERSITY 2022-05-07T16:51:53+07:00 Vu Ngoc Bich Nguyen Do Van Anh Nguyen Thi Truc Vi Tang Minh Huong Nguyen Thi Hai Van <p><span class="fontstyle0">Self-study is widely regarded as the most effective method of determining a student's learning<br>effectiveness at the university level. The success or failure of the learning process is highly<br>dependent on the learners' senses, with an awareness of the role and importance of self-study<br>playing a minor role. Students benefit from self-study not only in terms of mastering knowledge,<br>skills, and techniques, and developing the appropriate career attitude, but also in terms of<br>developing their personality, forming habits, and self-study awareness for life. In the current<br>context, with the COVD-19 pandemic still very complicated, the majority of schools have already<br>converted their teaching models to online or other forms of instruction. This change has a<br>significant impact on both teachers' teaching quality and students' self-study. This article will<br>analyze several factors affecting students' self-study capacity, as well as the current state of selfstudy capacity among Binh Duong university students, with the goal of proposing some solutions<br>for capacity improvement. Learners' self-learning capacity adapted to the Covid-19 pandemic</span> </p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology THE LINKAGE MODEL BETWEEN UNIVERSITIES, RESEARCH INSTITUTES AND ENTERPRISES: ASPECTS OF EDUCATION 2022-05-07T12:51:04+07:00 Dao Van Tuyet Nguyễn Trung Thành Nguyen Xuan Man Le Truong Giang Trinh Luong Quang Nguyen Xuan Phúc <p>The center of Informatics - Medicine - Biology of Binh Duong University (BDU) is an interdisciplinary scientific research, technology transfer and training center that has been operating since 2015 and has initially successfully implemented the cooperation model and cooperation in scientific research, technology transfer as well as training between universities, institutions and enterprises. In this paper, we will conduct a survey using the method of combining the three fields mentioned above. The model needs to be replicated, however, its implementation and operation still face many difficulties.The problems need to be solved with the impact of the startup ecosystem and the activities of potential research groups of Binh Duong University.</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology CONSTRUCTION OF BINH DUONG PROVINCE IN THE WAY OF SMART CITY 2022-05-07T14:15:25+07:00 Tran Thanh Toan <p>Building smart cities has become an unavoidable trend in the world's cities and metropolitan areas.</p> <p>Building and constructing a smart city or smart city is crucial in Vietnam in general, and in Binh Duong province in particular, to successfully take advantage of the potential of the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0). and in the direction of long-term development</p> <p>Building and developing a smart city or smart city has been clearly identified as one of the three core contents in actively participating in Industry 4.0, alongside developing the digital economy and building an e-Government moving towards a digital government, so developing a smart city or smart city is a must-do in the current time for Binh Duong province.</p> <p>Building a smart city is unavoidable, but it is not an easy task. Each city faces its own set of problems, necessitating the use of and combining a variety of remedies.enges, and therefore needs to use and combine many specific solutions.</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology INFLUENTIAL FACTORS AFFECTING THE DEPTH OF EXCAVATED TRENCH IN UNSATURATED SOILS DUE TO NONLINEAR SUCTION DISTRIBUTION 2022-05-07T14:23:27+07:00 Nguyen Xuan Man Dao Van Tuyet <p>Depth of an excavated trench plays a vital role on stability as well as economic efficency of an open trench. As design and analysis excavation construction method, selection of an appropriate excavated depth value of a trench without support structures is necessary. In practice, excavated trench is usually located above ground water table or under unsaturated soil condition. Therefore, the depth of unsupported trench is significantly affected by unsaturated soil properties, especially suction distribution and physical properties of soil as well. To date, there have been a few theories and research works reported on the method of determining a suitable depth of a trench under unsaturated condition. However, previous works tend to assume that the distribution of soil suction is either constant or linear with depth; as a result of this assumption, the designed results are often overestimated compared to practical results. In this paper, the effect of nonlinear distribution of suction was taken into account to propose an equation to estimate the depth of an excavated trench without support structures. Eventually, an example of numerical computation was executed to figure out the factors that affect the depth of excavated trend considering non linear suction distribution of unsaturated soils.</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology EFFECT OF BLASTING ON STRESS STATE IN THE ROCK AROUND THE TUNNEL 2022-05-07T14:31:35+07:00 Nguyen Xuan Man Nguyen Duyen Phong Nguyen Ngoc Hue Pham Duc Hinh <p>Build tunnel in hard rock, usually using the drill-blasting method to break the tunnel stone. After blasting and shoveling, the gaps will receive gaps within the boundaries as required by the design. The rock mass surrounding the tunnel outside the boundary is not destroyed, but the crack is generated, the Stick force <em>C</em> and the frictional internal angle <em>φ</em> of the rock mass decreases, so that the strength of the rock decreases as compared to before the explosion mine. The level of rock durability is dependent on the blasting technology. This article examines the change of rock deformation due to blasting, which examines the impact of blasting on the stresses in the rock around the tunnel.</p> 2022-03-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Binh Duong University Journal of Science and Technology